The following items were written to be included in the book but had to omitted due to lack of space.

Sports History p. 154
Servicemen 1898 p. 160
In the News
Life in the Thirties Chapter 7
The Good Old Summertime

Sports History ??

(Editor's Note: Gloucester's sports history is extensive enough to warrant at least a full chapter in any book. However, the facts are very difficult to obtain. More than three months of research hardly scratched the surface because the true history of the city's sports and athletes is in the hands of the many individuals who participated in them over the years. Two articles in the Gloucester City News requesting the assistance of residents brought absolutely no response. A complete history of sports must still be written--it too important and too interesting to ignore. Any individual or group that has records, news clippings, photographs, programs or any other
type of information and believes, as the editor does, that this information must be recorded is invited to contact the editor: Louisa W. Llewellyn, 508 Nicholson Road or at Gloucester City High School. Copies of the information will be made, the source credited, and the originals returned promptly.)

Servicemen 1898

The gaiety of the 1890's was interrupted by a brief but important war that put the United States into the category of being a major world power. A number of Gloucester men answered the call to "liberate" Cuba from Spanish cruelty and to help the nation assume its role of protector of the brown brothers of the Philippines. Those who volunteered to serve during the Spanish American War were:

Edgar Beissel
William Britton
Thomas Burke
Joseph Cann
Walter Corcoran
Richard Donahue
Samuel Ellis
Thomas Farnham
Richard Ferris
William Goulker
Charles Graham
Joseph Hunsinger
Daniel Lacy
James Lecky
James McLaughlin
John McNulty
Lewis Murray
James Pedlar
James Ritchie
Albert Rogers
Charles Sims
Allen Sterling
William Sterling
Thomas Whitefield
William Whitmore
Lawrence Voltz

(The flagship of Admiral Dewey, the Olympia, is berthed just across the river in Philadelphia and is open to the public.)


IN THE NEWS

August, 1931

Assistant chief of the Gloucester City Fire Department James Gilmore; Arthur William Kees, manager of the Apollo Theatre; Clarence Kaplan, proprietor of
the Apollo Sweet Shop; David Earl Craig and Albert Sheers, fireman, as well as other outstanding figures of the city, will be seen and heard in talking pictures on
the screen of the Apollo Theatre in a thrilling and realistic Hearst Metrotone news reel.
The editor of the Metrotone News sent their recording apparatus here especially for the purpose of recording the interesting scenes in connection with the unloading of the liquor cargo from the yacht Allegro at the U.S. Immigration Station Wharf, and these prominent residents were taken in timely and interesting motion
pictures. The news will be shown at all performances on Friday and Saturday.

April, 1933

Ninety-five congressmen were in this city last Saturday and few residents or politicians knew it, and maybe it was better for the congressmen, in view of the Democratic success nationally.
The congressmen, who incidentally paid their own fares from Washington to Philadelphia, visited the U.S. Immigration Station and later the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia to see how money is made. They saw bars of newly minted gold coins worth $322,000,000 in one vault, bars of gold worth $309,000,000 in another and bullion gold valued at $370,000,000.
At the immigration station here they inspected all buildings, including the pier, and apparently were much impressed with the place. They made the trip in special buses.
Uncle Sam's U.S. Marines and Coast Guard men came to this city Sunday and seized three Italian Freighters moored at the docks of Sherwin-Williams Co. plant and took their officers and crews to the U.S. Immigration Station here.
Acting on orders from President Roosevelt, the Marines and Coast Guard boarded the three ships here, the Antonietta, Mar Glauco, and Santa Rosa. No opposition of any sort was offered.
When the ships were inspected it was found holes had been punched into boilers, masledge hammers and touches and refrigeration system impaired.
When the Marines and Coast Guard boarded the crafts, the Coast Guard cutter stood by the ships covering them with cannons and machine guns. Crews from the Coast Guard were put aboard the ships and the American flag hoisted in place of the Fascist.
Officers and crews seemed to be happy to be taken off the vessels. They seemed to be pleased when they were served a meal prepared in Italian fashion at the U.S. Immigration Station.
The men enjoyed full freedom here while their boats were docked at the Sherwin-Williams Co. pier and made many friends here as they walked about the city. It is likely they will be transferred to some other section of the country if they are not deported.

August, 1941

This city did not escape the fury of the 90 mile-per-hour tornado, accompanied by a severe electric and rain storm of cloud burst proportions on Monday afternoon, which did considerable damage throughout the city.
Though the storm in its velocity stage lasted less than an hour, it left in its wake flooded streets, broken trees, awnings ripped to shreds, flooded basements, and hundreds of stalled automobiles.
The U.S. Weather Bureau in Philadelphia declared the velocity of the tornado was 90 miles an hour and swept over this section from Delaware. They pointed out that hurricane velocity is 75 miles an hour.
Nearly every basement was filled with water. During the height of the storm the section about the post office on Broadway was under nearly one foot of water with the water reaching the first step.
Power and telephone lines were down in various sections of the city, and crews of the Public Service and Phone Company worked so efficiently that the power and phones in affected sections were restored before 4 p.m. Police toured the city, warning residents of the danger of dangling wires, and as a result there were no injuries to report.

September, 1953

Anyone who talked about Gloucester can crawl into a corner because Gloucester is to be honored...yep, in a most unusual way, for Gloucester that is.
The city is going to have a perfume named in its honor.
It will be known as "Star Glow." The name came from taking "Gloucester" and making the name "Glow Star" but it didn't sound very commercial so it was reversed to "Star Glow."
The initial bottle to be made up "Star Glow" by Madame Aucoin will be sent to Gloucester, and from then on it will be on sale at the finest perfume places in the nation.
And remember that "Star Glow," when pronounced backward means "Gloucester," the town for which it was named-Gloucester.
Madame Aucoin (proprietor of Aucoin's Perfumery at 234 Royal Street in the French section of New Orleans) is the oldest perfumer in the South, having made her own perfumes at the Royal Street address for the past 32 years.

LIFE IN THE THIRTIES

The Great Depression, which hit with full force in early 1930, was the most difficult period economically to be faced by Gloucester and its citizens. The nearly 14,000 residents of the town were basically blue collar workers who lost their jobs as factories cut back or closed. This in turn affected the small businessmen and the professionals. But Gloucesterites are hardy people who pull together in difficult times.

While many cities had soup lines and apple sellers on every corner, this did not occur in Gloucester. Since there were no unemployment benefits, social security, or state and federal welfare programs, some aid was provided by the city. This usually was coal for winter heat, some staples such as lard and flour, and shoes for children who turned in an outgrown or out-worn pair.

Typical of the many generous people of the town who found various ways to help those less fortunate were three women. Mary Ethel and Margaret Costello, former principals of the elementary schools, started a breakfast program for those children who were most needy. Apparently the Costello sisters were using their own money for the breakfast food. Another unsung heroine Mrs. Charles Brennan, Sr. Families hit by illness were often surprised by an unexpected delivery of coal and a basket of groceries. It is doubtful that many, if any, of the recipients knew the name of the donor.

Some of the underemployed and unemployed found ways to earn money to help their families survive. Many became door-to-door peddlers, selling seeds, nuts, shoe laces, dish cloths, clothes props, and many other small items. Women made things to be sold. Those who knew something about fruits and vegetables would load pushcarts, wagons, and other vehicles and became hucksters. Others raised plants and flowers and sold them on street corners or to wholesalers. One man sold his services as a neighborhood watchman. It may be that the people of the area did not need a watchman, but they were so impressed by his initiative that he obtained a number of clients. The people were quite satisfied with the service provided as the man very conscientiously patrolled the neighborhood every night.

Frustration with the situation led many people to join various demonstrations and marches. Although none of these occurred locally, several veterans joined the ill-fated bonus march to Washington. Workers at New York Shipyard, attempting to organize a union to improve wages, benefits, and working conditions, staged an important and sometimes bitter strike in 1935. Women and children also joined the picket lines to bring attention to the situation. Local businessmen were seriously affected by the strike which made them realize how important the shipyard was to Gloucester's economy.

City and school employees faced a different kind of problem. Because money to pay their salaries was obtained through property taxes and many people were unable to pay these taxes, the city paid them, at least in part, in scrip. The scrip, a form of I.O.U., could be used to pay taxes. Some local businessmen would take the scrip for groceries, coal, or other items and use it to pay their taxes. A few local people who owned several properties would exchange the scrip for cash.

One high school senior class had a unique memory of the Depression. Because of the financial situation, they could not afford a printed yearbook but did not want to eliminate the Blue and Gold completely. Consequently a mimeographed yearbook was published. Each senior brought enough copies of a photograph to school to give one to every other senior. Packets of photos were made up and then each senior pasted the photos in the spaces provided.

On the other hand, Gloucester did benefit from the Depression. A number of streets, especially in Gloucester Heights, were paved, sewer lines were laid, city Hall was built, and a large gymnasium was added to the high school through the assistance of various government programs. Many Gloucesterites got jobs with the W.P.A., went to one of the CCC camps, or benefited from one of the many other programs. Times were tough, but there was no time to sit around complaining or to demonstrate for free medical care, food stamps, or increases in welfare payments. Those things did not exist. But more importantly, the individualistic people of Gloucester were too busy trying to survive and to remain independent.

THE GOOD OLD SUMMERTIME

When the summer heat causes people to wilt and to feel constantly thirsty, many young people beg their moms to let them sell ice cold drinks, water ice or snow balls. The Little League Ladies Auxiliary does a booming business in snow balls when they open the stands at games. But how many of today's sellers and buyers of ice for these summer refreshers know who started the first ice company in Gloucester?

Resigning his job as a clerk at the Washington Mills, George Wilson became the first "ice man" when he built an ice house along Newton Creek, east of Broadway. During the winter George cut the ice in the meadow along the creek. With the arrival of warm weather, George could be seen going through the town delivering his ice to butcher shops, taverns, and homes where residents had ice boxes.

At the time snow balls made their appearance in Gloucester, ice was selling at five cents for 100 pounds. The young people who could convince parents to invest in an assortment of flavors to operate a business sold the snowballs for one cent. Even using a very liberal amount of flavorings and allowing for a certain amount of loss by melting, the young seller could make a handsome profit on a hot summer day as he pulled a wagon through the streets and yelled, "SNOW BALLS ONE CENT!"

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